What about Heerema’s Scope III emissions?
Heerema has decided to be Carbon Neutral based on scope I and scope II emissions as per the Greenhouse Gas protocol. Critical in Heerema’s commitment is to achieve absolute yearly reductions of carbon emissions in scope I and scope II. Scope III elements are being looked at and elements may be included until 2025. Ultimately the entire footprint of Heerema, including relevant scope III emissions, will need to be reduced to zero.
What happens when we emit more than the 250.000 [metric tons] of emissions?
Heerema's commitment is to offset its actual emissions. As best we know that these will not be higher than 250.000 [metric tons]. In case of higher emissions these will be offset too.
What happens after 2025?
Heerema aims to fully remove all emissions where technically feasible. The program is evaluated yearly to redefine carbon prevention, reduction, and compensation goals. Compensation of carbon emissions will occur after 2025 only if needed to remain carbon neutral. When more knowledge is gained along the carbon-reduction journey, Heerema will look into Scope III emissions to further reduce its emissions footprint.
Why do you only focus on carbon emissions, and no other forms of pollution and emissions such as SOX NOX or Particulate Matter?
We will. Carbon emissions are simply the main focus, as they can be considered the “trailing” emissions indicative for all other emissions. Where there is carbon, there will be other emissions. Additionally, cleaner fuels (such as LNG, GTL and HVO) will also reduce other emissions and pollution in general. Lastly, there is fixed legislation (by MARPOL and IMO) on the production of SOX and NOX – and these are therefore capped to a certain extent.
What about methane slip?
We are currently investigating the exact influence that this will have on our carbon footprint, as it is currently not taken into account. From publicly available literature, it can be estimated that it will have a significant impact – between 20% to 50% - on the carbon-equivalent footprint of the Sleipnir when running on LNG. The exact influence on the total Heerema carbon footprint is as of yet unknown however, as Sleipnir started sailing in 2019 the exact amount of methane slip is still to be determined. Estimates on the total carbon footprint are expected to be in the order of 15,000 [metric tons].
Which offsetting projects will Heerema do?
Heerema will invest in the following projects:
· Renewable Energy projects, including Landfill gas Malaysia CER, VCS or Gold Standard
These small-scale renewable projects support the acceleration of the energy transition. The Landfill gas project in Malaysia captures waste-related methane and other greenhouse gases and turns these substances into clean energy. CO₂ emission reductions will be achieved by two means: by collection and destruction of methane by power generation and displacing an equal amount of electricity generated by power plants connected to the electricity system.
· Cookstoves Africa, Gold standard
Cookstoves in developing countries, are giving the poorest people in the world access to more efficient cooking. The cookstoves are produced, assembled, and distributed locally. Due to their clever design, these stoves use 50% less wood and produce less smoke than ordinary stoves. Besides improving people’s health, these devices help fight deforestation and reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere, by so combatting climate change.
· Solar Energy and Mobile Payment Africa, Gold standard
Enables households to switch from high-cost kerosene to affordable, safe, off-grid renewable solar power. The system comes with three LED solar lights, one of which can also be used as a torch, and a solar panel with a smart-charge-control lithium-ion battery. By using this system the indoor air pollution is reduced, access to clean energy is provided, also CO₂ emissions are avoided and cost reduction is achieved.
All projects contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals as well. The following SDGs are incorporated in the projects;
SDG 3 Good health & Well being
SDG 7 Affordable and clean energy
SDG 8 Decent work & economic growth
SDG 9 Industry, innovation, and infrastructure
SDG 12 Responsible consumption & production
SDG 14 Life below water
SDG 17 Partnerships for the goals
Which third-party is accountable for execution of the carbon offsetting projects?
Climate Neutral Group will provide these services (link). Founded in 2002 and based in Utrecht, Netherlands and Cape Town South Africa, Climate Neutral Group is one of the longest established and most recognized providers of carbon management and offsetting services in the market. Climate Neutral Group is founding partner and active member of ICROA (International Carbon Reduction and Offset Alliance) and Bcorp certified.
Which third-party will support in certification?
Climate Neutral Group will ensure all projects are certified against either the Gold Standard or Verified Carbon Standard (VCS). More information can be found on their website.
What do you mean by prevention?
Prevention measures are classified as those that prevent the combustion of fuel in order to generate power. Several initiatives are already ongoing, such as Shore Power Caland Canal, improved crane utilization, and an improved power management system for Thialf. Additionally, the Heerema main office is BREAAM certified and uses Dutch wind power for electricity. Therefore virtually eliminating Heerema employees’ carbon footprint in the main office. It is estimated that approximately 25% of Heerema’s total carbon emissions can be prevented, most of which will come from hybridization and Shore Power.
What do you mean by reduction?
Reduction measures are classified as those that reduce the amount of fuel required, use a cleaner fuel or increase combustion efficiency (improve specific fuel consumption). An example is the use of synthetic diesel-fuels or biofuels such as GTL and HVO. Potentially even hydrogen can be used in co-combustion in the engine. Energy recovery measures, such as heat recovery from exhaust gases, are also included. An important and successful initiative already undertaken by Heerema is the usage of LNG for the Sleipnir, which significantly reduces local emissions such as NOx, SOx, and Particulate Matter (PM). It is estimated that up to 55% of carbon emissions can be reduced, mainly by using alternative fuels such as biofuels.
What do you mean by compensation?
Compensation measures are classified as those that offset, capture or otherwise neutralize carbon footprint, other than prevention or reduction. Heerema will begin by investing in carbon offsetting projects that align with its mission to create sustainable value(s). These will be certified carbon reduction projects that are already in development with the accredited Climate Neutral Group. By the end of 2020, Heerema will begin offsetting 100% of its existing carbon footprint, equaling roughly 250,000 metric tons of carbon per year. The amount of offsetting required to remain carbon neutral is gradually reduced as prevention and reduction measures increase. It is estimated that the remaining 20% of emissions will need to be compensated, preferably by means of carbon capture and storage on-board Sleipnir.